The School of Primary Education of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTh) was founded pursuant to Law no. 1268/82, Article 46, concerning the Organization and Operation of the Pedagogical Departments of Higher Education Institutions, and commenced operations in the academic year 1986-87, according to the Presidential Decree 320/1983.

This way, the demand for offering higher education to primary school teachers, a demand that had been an issue of heated debates among radical, social, and educational forces for almost fifty years, was satisfied.

The School of Primary Education and the School of Early Childhood Education constitute the Faculty of Education at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.