The School of Primary Education of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki was established according to Law 1268/82 (the Law for National Higher Education). This way, the demand for offering higher education to primary school teachers, a demand that had been an issue of heated debates among radical, social, and educational forces for almost fifty years, was satisfied.

The School of Primary Education of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki operated for the first time in the academic year 1986-87, after the Presidential Decree 320/83 came into force.

The School of Primary Education and the School of Preschool Education Sciences constitute the Faculty of Education at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.

The School of Primary Education aims at shaping teachers with democratic conscience, who are opposed to any racist or sexist rationale and any kind of social discrimination. It strives for moulding teachers who face positively the transformation of education towards forming a society governed by the principles of Justice, Democracy, Freedom and Equality; educators who respect the pluralism of various theoretical views and practices in education; teachers who know, understand and are able to use pedagogical, psychological, sociological and philosophical theories daily, as well as various teaching approaches in order to impart knowledge to subjects that refer to the aims, content and teaching methods of each subject; teachers with substantial humanitarian culture in the sense of respect for and understanding of nature and the various cultures, as well as their constant active participation and intervention in matters of public interest.